Telecom Technology Stack

For Enterprise class large projects Architecture frameworks like TOGAF are very important:
TOGAF: The Open Group Architecture Framework was adopted and adapted to E-TOM framework or Enhanced Telecom Operational Map (E-TOM) .
E-TOM has two essential layers which cover most requirement on Telcos
{Telecom companies include (TEM) Telecom Equipment manufacturer like (ZTE, Cisco Ericsson  , Telecom Services companies like ( vodaphone, O2 etc)}.
1. Lowest Level 1: OSS (Operational System Software) which include systems which interfaces with most devices like routers, base station, towers, etc Cisco routers, Base station BTE software, NOS (network operation planning software), Activation Software, 2G, 3G stack management, tower management.
2. Upper layer: BSS (Business System Software) Which includes Business Interfacing software like Oracle Sieble CRM (Customer Relationship management ), Billing software like from Amdocs,or oracle BRMS (Billing and revenue management  software)
MIS and BI Business Intelligence software like OBIEE, SAP BO, Cognos BI etc.
Mediation: Software mediating between multiple layers.
Now lets see like BT working on E-TOM. For software implementations
British Telecom (BT) use agile methodology of keeping inventory of requirements as low as possible to keep cost down and know defects early in life cycle and then more requirements (User Stories) can be taken for development , taken to testing in SIT system integration testing and once tested OK dropped into production.
Scrum meetings are regularly held , as release happen the Burn down charts are updated telling progress status.

BT having incorporated concepts in between like
use RFT (Right First Time) 90 % of the project taken up must be completed in correct specifications in right time.
Concept to Market (C2M):Bring Concept to market faster.
Lead To Cash: (L2C)
where a lead generated to Cash in hand cycles are (Opportunity, Quotation, Order, Delivery, Issue, Invoice) L2C cycles are captured in workflow and quickened.
SAP Order Management Of Lead to Cash workflow
SAP Order Management L2CWatch Demo of SAP Lead to Cash using SAP Business By Design.

3. Trouble to Resolve (T2R). : where Each Trouble which needs resolution is trapped in CRM for reviewing the work.
4. Cycle time: Each Cycle must be pro-actively reduced in time frame.
You can Read this more detailed matrix Architecture Overview of Vision goals

Read about TOGAF:
1. Comparison of Enterprise Architecture to Domain specific Architecture Roles :
2. Enterprise Architecture and Security.
3. Links:
Oracle Seibel:
Oracle BRMS:
Amdocs Billing software of the year:



Retail sector Innovations ,economics and Software

Retail sector has redefined they way goods are sold to customer. Sociology helps to decide where society is moving thus what possible product can be made for changing society preferences. Marketing just present those choices to potential customers. Sociology does play a front End to marketing. As be see behavioural Economics coming to for front to vindicate these facts last 2 decades.
Software innovation in Retail : from Retail Inventory planning software tracking inventory, to sensor and tags tracking goods through RFID, Retail non tactical , non structured management planning BI systems using SAP BO, IBM Cognos, Microstrategy BI, SQL server SSRS BI. look Manathan BI ( which is based on SSRS. Read details big data, retail andRFID:

Read How Software is Eating Retail:

As Philip Kotler defined 5C and 5P of marketing. 5P (product, promotion, place, price,People) and 5 C being (Custmer, Company, collaborator, competition, context)
Read future trends:
Read Book :
In Retail sector out of 5P (Place) is very important centrally located , easy accessible to potential customers place can act as magnet for pulling in customers to mall. Then (Promotion) free car parking ,cleaning, or less than cost ice cream at Mac Donald s to attract consumers. (Price) This is where Wall mart is very famous for keeping prices low by attracting many sellers on same floor competing with each other thus like perfect competition condition goods are sold almost at price of Cost of production and supply chain are kept at level of minimal inventory to keep cost down. Supply Chain side automations brings down cost as well more rotation of goods.
Like how P&G and Nestle maintain there Physical warehouses see products by this company
you can register a see complete movie how its done.
Like maintaining Go-down with efficient warehousing management and quick reordering based alert issued by sensor on shelf following the (Reorder-level). Thus one of the Cost leadership strategy given by peter Ducker.
just Read few thoughts by author:
Book:Drucker Management
here was a classic case : On Grass cutting company On account of being marginalized in perfect competition floor of  thus not able to achieve set price to by providing differentiated product said No to walmart
Read : Man who said No to Walmart
Retail moved a long was towards innovation last 2 decade from merchandising by experts and procurement experts dealing with suppliers always thinking about the assortment they need to present to customer entering the Mall. Tracking Eyeball of consumer picking up consumer behaviour to schedule the products related to each other in one shelf or in nearby place. Creating products variety is assortment planned so as to achieve variety and meeting matrix of operational efficiency of (price, quality, time  flexibility).
Any shopping mall place with promotion pulls up potential customer called prospect to store area. Then Each vendor has its strategy of luring in customer because once in the store and customer start spending then customer does not think much about cost also like mac Donald less cost ice cream example other Items does get ordered out of expected value a consumer may derive. The rational choice theory does also play important role. It has been Noble prize winning theory by prof Daniel Kahneman (2002) and Gary Becker (1992).  Read :
Consumer Behaviour is getting shaped by the behavioural Economics of Rationality which is inherent in our thinking process.
Not only does it help justify Stock behaviour it does tell consumer preferences after entering into store.
From the format of stores and their strategies
1. Retail Store: Super Store, department store , Hypermarts, discount store,
Read Strategy here :

2. Wholesale stores/Warehouse Club : for small vendor taking bulk orders at once. Like metro
These differentiation help to achieve variety and specialization and hence more premium is available in terms of not cost but volume.
Its like classical economics “Supply will create its own demand” Although its not much relevant but surely its in play say (10%) of cases. Because there are other factors as well which dominate its not sellers market its buyers market.

Status of Higher Education Abroad – an Indian Student prespective

Higher Education abroad is so much in mess created by consultants:
1. All Banks in India give loan based on world ranking published by local company. )
China has taken a step by creating its own world ranking so they have authentic information of ranking on university based on that bank can loan student for education for like top 500 or top 200 or top 300 institutions..higher its ranked currently in India easier it is to take loan currently in India.
There are other rankings of institution which are available like

2. Consultant are openly looting students by duping them to institute where they can get higher commissions.. for which Australia has taken few right steps by engaging government run department offices in consulate IDP directly counselling students ( )
3. People who suffer most are not having any direct contacts in those places..
Existing procedure
In India Every Bank does take These ranking into consideration and then put university in list of approved loanable university. One University is approved by the decision making branch of bank at national level then Based on these facts every nuke of country branches of bank can loan student based on these list.
There are more than 50 Banks in India each having more than 1000 branches all over India. so in total 50,000 branches in India loan based on Ranking ,stature , approved list of Universities of Each country to almost 10 million Indian student going abroad for education. But these days people are Questioning these ranking system stating that these rankings are biased towards certain factors But I still there would be alteast some facts true on these rankings. And hence the approval system takes this workflow into account.
— As bank also needs to look there loan is not turning out to be NPA so they take due diligence and does take many factors into consideration.

— Not only university but also country you are going is also taken into consideration.
Like I was actually asked this question on loan interview approval date.